Headaches are one of the most common causes of head pain and can come from stress, lack of sleep, hunger, sinus issues, and other infections and ailments.
There are five common types of headaches, which include:
1. Cluster Headaches
This type of headache is typically single-sided and can present pain in varying degrees from mild to severe. The pain is usually pulsating and tends to refer behind the eyes. Cluster headaches usually last about an hour and are often recurring throughout the day.
2. Tension Headaches
A tension headache comes from tightening the neck, head, and upper back muscles. They are typically mild to moderate with centralized pain in either the top, front, or sides of your head.
Tension headaches can be chronic (occurring more than 15 days a month) or episodic (occurring less than 15 days a month). They may stem from underlying stress, depression, or head injuries.
3. Ice-pick Headaches
Ice-pick headaches, also referred to as flash headaches, present sharp, stabbing pain and typically lasts from a few seconds to a minute. However, these short bursts of pain can come and go for a few days.
4. Sinus Headaches
A sinus headache may come as a result of an allergy and can cause deep pain near the forehead. Sinus headaches are usually focused around the bridge of the nose.
Migraine headaches are some of the most intense headaches and can have various symptoms, including nausea, vomiting, light sensitivity, and the inability to focus. In addition, migraines often present a throbbing or stabbing pain and affect the entire head.